Philosopher and scientist John Locke (1632–1704) contributed much to the realms of philosophy, law and politics. He believed strongly in the right to freedom and property of the people, and in the innate goodness of humans. Locke can be credited for founding British empiricism.
Locke argued that the mind begins as a tabula rasa, which, in Latin, means a "blank slate". He believed that human beings are born without any inherent ideas and derive all of their knowledge from experience.
Name: John Locke
Born: August 29, 1632, Somerset, England
Died: October 28, 1704, Essex, England
Degrees: BA (Oxford, 1656), MA (1658), MB BCh (1674)