Philosophy Index

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872–1970) was a British philosopher and logician of the twentieth century. He is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

As a social philosopher, Russell is best known for being a strong pacificst, offering criticism of various governments from World War I to the Vietnam War.


Bertrand Russell was considered one of the top logicians of the twentieth century. In addition to his own work, he is largely responsible for bringing attention to the works of Gottlob Frege, which largely reshaped the systems of logic, and their notation, in use today. Russell also famously highlighted a flaw in the set theory developed by Frege, in which he discovered a contradiction known as Russell's Paradox.

Selected Works

Russell's books, articles and essays are numerous. Additionally, there are thousands of letters and pamphlets and other writings in a complete listing of Russell's writing. McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada maintains an extensive archive of Russell's work.

  • A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz (1900)
  • The Principles of Mathematics (1903)
  • On Denoting” (1905)
  • Principia Mathematica (1910–1913, with Alfred North Whitehead)
  • The Problems of Philosophy (1912)
  • Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy (1914)
  • Political Ideals (1917)
  • Mysticism and Logic” (1918)
  • Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism (1918)
  • The Analysis of Mind (1921)
  • Why I Am Not a Christian (1927)


Name: Bertrand Russell
Born: May 18, 1872
Died: February 2, 1970
Titles: The Earl Russell, OM, FRS
Awards: Nobel Prize, Literature, 1950