Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862) was an American writer and philosopher, most famous for his autobiographical work, Walden (1854), in which he details his two-years spent living in a forest cabin becoming self-sufficient.
One of his most famous philosophical works is Civil Disobedience, which takes root in Thoreau's reaction to the 1846–1848 Mexican War.
Birth Name: David Henry Thoreau
Born: July 12, 1817, Concord, Massachusetts
Died: May 6, 1862