Philosophy Index

Ancient Philosophy

Ancient western philosophy began in Greece around 585 BCE with Thales. Thales and other pre-Socratic philosophers began to question the inconsistency and unfoundedness of ancient Greek mythology and began to develop their own systems to try and better explain nature, including human nature. Socrates gave birth to a more recognizable process in philosophy, in which doubt and recognition of one’s own ignorance play a central role in wisdom. From there, Plato and Aristotle developed what would become known as the birth of the western philosophical tradition.

Pre-Socratic philosophers

Socratic and later ancient philosophers